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PACJA'S Executive Director Mithika Mwenda giving a presentation on the sidelines of CoP 24

Thursday, 06 December 2018 00:00

Daily Programme COP 24 in Katowice 2018.

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Katowice Climate Change Conference December 2018
COP 24, CMP 14, CMA 1-3
Katowice, 2 - 14 December 2018.


The twenty-fourth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 24), the fourteenth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 14), and the third part of the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1.3) will be held at the International Conference Centre (MCK)  and the adjacent Spodek Arena in Katowice, Poland, from 2 to 14 December 2018

Tuesday, 04 December 2018 00:00

Pre COP African Civil Society Consultative Workshop

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DATE: 2nd DECEMBER, 2018 at Hotel Malinowski, Gliwice- Poland              

The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) held a pre COP workshop to consolidate the African Regional Position in preparation for the just started CoP24 in Gliwice Poland.

Key issues

Under discussion was:

  • The Completion of the Rule Book for the implementation of the Paris Agreement;
  • Provision of means of implementation pertaining to Finance and its mobilization;
  • Completion of Talanoa Dialogue and determining the next steps by looking at where we are; how we got there and where we want to go.

IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 Degrees Centigrade

The workshop looked at the significance of the Special IPCC Report which was released in October 2018. The report acknowledges that Climate Change is already affecting people, ecosystems and livelihoods around the world and achieving this would require unprecedented transitions in all aspects of Society; and limiting temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP)

Of specific consideration were: Nationally Determined Contributions; Transparency Framework; Global Stock take; Finance Adaptation Fund and Technology Transfer.

As the Conference enters its day one, it is anticipated that there will be up to six bodies meeting concurrently namely: COP; COP/MOP; CMA; APA; SBI; SBSTA Contact Groups, Formal groups, informal groups and plenaries. The overarching question that remains is whether the Katowice Conference will deliver the rule book.



Thursday, 29 November 2018 00:00

COP 24 African Youth’s Position

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A product of Local Conference of Youth (LCOY), Kenya

The youth (aged 15-24) in Kenya form 20.3% of Kenya’s population, a figure which is above the world’s average of 15.8% and 19.2% for Africa. There has been a long-held notion among the youth in Africa that they have not been engaged in key decision-making processes even though these decisions directly impact their daily lives. Climate change is one of the areas in which the youth desire increased participation and involvement. The youth feel that the existing policies do not favour them and are calling for increased participation on climate change policy making processes.

In preparation for the forthcoming Conference of parties (COP 24) which will be held in Katowice Poland in December 2018, Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) partnered with Africa Youth Initiative on Climate Change (AYICC) to brainstorm on a youth position to be presented at COP 24. The meeting which was attended by over one hundred African youth drawn from different areas was hosted by AYICC and held at the African Nazarene University (A.N.U) on 20th and 21st November.

In his opening remarks, Julius Karanja, a project officer from PACJA urged the delegates to invest in research on climate change so as to have facts whenever they are called upon to participate in climate change dialogue.

“It is sad that as youth we only get to be recognized or involved in issues after decisions have been taken on our behalf, this should not be the case since we will live with the effects of climate change for a long time. It is fair that we fight to be involved and to achieve this, we must have facts on climate change,” said Mr. Karanja.

The delegates went through a process which entailed a determination of the current position of youth on climate change. They then sought a common understanding on where they want to be and plotted a means of getting day. The 2-day brainstorming session led the delegates to arrive at the position of the African youth on climate change hence:

The Key African Youth Messages for the Katowice Climate Change Conference

Where are we?

We, the youth are only called upon during grass root-level mobilization and other ground work and not in climate change negotiations. This is not a good place to be.




Where do we want to be?

  • We want to create awareness on effects of climate change. We are energetic and creative and this will enable us to creatively present climate change messages to enhance their understanding.
  • We want our innovations on climate change to be encouraged and incubated as this may lead to modern ways of combating climate change.
  • Our capacities should be built to equip us with necessary information and tools to combat climate change. This is specifically so for those of us living in the marginalized areas to enable us combat climate change threats.
  • We are heavy social media users; we will use twitter, face book and other social media platforms to effectively disseminate information on climate change.

How do we get there?

  • Unity of purpose- We will unite with like-minded people and actively engage in climate change policy making.






The just concluded meeting between PACJA and the assistant Deputy Minister for Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), underscored the need to actively engage women in climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.

Speaking at the PACJA secretariat office in Nairobi, the assistant Deputy Minister, Ms. Isabelle Bérard said that the Canadian Ministry of Environment is currently working with women across Africa in climate change and lauded PACJA for similar efforts in engaging women in climate change adaptation and mitigation activities.

The meeting at PACJA secretariat was a stem-up from a conference dubbed "Women picking it on climate change", which was hosted by the Canadian Environment Minister, Catherine Mackenna in Ottawa and attended by PACJA.

Accompanying the deputy assistant mister was Mr. Dany Drouin, DG, Plastics, Oceans and Resilience Task Team, Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECC). Also in attendance was Kelly Thompson, First Secretary, Development at the Canadian High Commission in Nairobi and Hellen Oriaro with whom PACJA has worked extensively on climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Moving forward, the team would be keen on strategic alliances especially on women in climate change, negotiations and training which are all being done by each parties separately.


Tuesday, 27 November 2018 00:00


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It is systems go. Parties are ready to attend the 24th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Conference, dubbed COP 24 which will take place in Katowice, Poland from 3-14 December is a crucial platform for the implementation of the various provisions of the Paris Agreement (‘the rulebook’); including, transparency, accounting, compliance, periodic assessment of collective progress and use of market-based mechanisms.

Indeed, African Governments and other stakeholders endorse the “rulebook” which to them is balanced and upholds equity as well as justice. As such, the “rulebook” is a MUST- DELIVER in COP 24 to facilitate effective implementation aimed at achieving UNFCCC’s ultimate aim which is to prevent dangerous human interference with the climate.

Specific demands

African Civil Societies expect specific outcomes from COP 24, all which draw from the “rulebook” and a follow up from the African Civil Societies’ submission to the Talanoa Dialogue 2018. The CSOs have consequently come up with specific demands as listed below:

  1. Demand 1: Global warming must be limited way below 1.5 degrees Celsius this century.
  2. Demand 2: Adaptation is crucial to protecting and promoting development gains, especially in Africa.
  3. Demand 3: Climate Financing should be long term and achieve a balance between mitigation and adaptation support.
  4. Demand 4: Capacity building should be enhanced under the Paris Agreement.
  5. Demand 5: Loss and damage-Among other things, parties should commit to full implementation of the Warsaw International Mechanism for loss and damage
  6. Demand 6: Technology deployment and transfer should be supported to enhance resilience and low carbon development.
  7. Demand 7: Gender agenda should be enhanced in the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
  8. Demand 8: Use of common timeframes and enhanced ambition within the NDC process
  9. Demand 9: Enhanced transparency framework

A detailed rulebook and the African CSO position can be downloaded from our website. We will also be sharing updates on COP 24 as they come.


Tuesday, 27 November 2018 00:00

Renewable Energy: A Regional Learning Exchange

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The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) envisions a global environment free from the threat of climate change with sustainable development, equity and justice for all. Awareness creation is one of the ways in which PACJA works to bridge the existing societal knowledge gap about climate change, climate threat coping mechanisms and wise use of natural resources.

PACJA and Womin, partner to visit renewable energy sites in Kenya


PACJA partnered with Womin - an African gender and extractive alliance based in South Africa to visit different renewable energy sites in Kenya. The aim of the visit whose participants were drawn from different countries in Africa was to learn, share ideas, analyze and critic existing renewable energy projects in different communities for possible replication in their communities of origin.

  1. The Holo Solar Project

The Holo solar project is situated in Holo market which is in Kisumu County. The project was established by the county government in 2016 to provide lighting to traders who had challenges working late without a source of light.

Pamela Adhiambo, a trader at Holo market says that the introduction of the solar project has reduced cases of insecurity. She says that traders can now work till 9.00PM which is an improvement both in time and health risks. She says that before the project, traders relied on tin lamps which were smoky and posed a health risk. They also could not work till late as most businesses closed by 7.00PM.

According to Paul Ouko who is the market’s chairman, “the project has positively impacted on the community. We have learnt new things, like turning soya beans into milk”. He adds that the solar project supports the entire Kisumu West Ward and plans are underway to expand the project to other wards within the county.

Pamela Adhiambo, a trader at Holo market with PACJA and Womin officials

  1. KenGen’s Geothermal Power Plant in Naivasha.

KenGen is the leading electricity producer in Kenya, producing about 80% of the power consumed in the country. The company uses various sources to generate electricity ranging from hydro, geothermal, thermal and wind. At the moment hydro is the leading source with and installed capacity of 819.9 Mega Watts, which is about 51% of the company’s installed capacity.

There company has four geothermal power stations namely: Olkaria 1, Olkaria ii, Olkaria iii and Olkaria    IV. These stations generate thermal energy which is then stored in the Earth’s crust. To extract this energy, wells are drilled to tap steam and water at high temperatures.

Project impacts

The project has brought a lot of positive impacts on the local communities for instance:

  • There is power supply to the households; electricity is now their source of light at night as opposed to torches and lamps which they used before.
  • The project has established water collection points and constructed sand dams for water storage.
  • The company offers scholarships to secondary and university students from schools near its installations. The scholarship programme which was established in 2005 provides tuition and boarding fees to needy children who are academically gifted. This gives them an opportunity to change their destiny.


3.Ngong Hills Wind Power Station

Ngong’ Hills Wind Power Station is located on the Northern part of Ngong’ Hills. This wind power station is the only one which is connected to the national grid, with a capacity of 25.5 Mega Watts generated from six Vestas Wind Turbines.

Ngong Hills Power Station began operations in 1993 with two wind turbines donated by the government of Belgium. The station is currently owned by Kenya Electricity Generating Company which has since added new turbines that have increased the power station's generation capacity to 25.5 megawatts from 5.1 megawatts.

The station contributes significantly to the national grid and the communities have benefited a lot in terms of power availability and efficiency in doing business. According to engineer David who works at the farm, the company is working on putting up a similar wind power station in Meru County to enable many more to benefit from this initiative.

4.Kibera Biogas Community Project

Kibera Biogas Community Project is an initiative which provides toilets and recycled energy to residents of Kibera, which is one of the slums in Kenya.

The project was started in 2004 by Umande Trust, a rights-based agency which partners with local communities and other organizations to transform water supply, sanitation and environmental services in Kenya’s urban centres.

The project has built a bio-center which contains built-in toilets, biogas-powered hot showers, a waste digester and a communal cooking area. Human waste from the toilets is channeled into a digester which collects methane that is emitted from breakdown of feacal material. The methane is then sold to the community as biogas which they use for cooking within the centers or to power hot showers.

Project Impact

The center which is run mostly by women, the youth and the elderly has greatly improved the lives of Kibera residents.

Roseline Amondi, one of the project beneficiaries says “the center has really changed my life and that of the people of Kibera. I’m now able to cook food for my clients in my restaurant and use the proceeds to pay school fees for my children”.

The project has also reduced the use of ‘flying toilets’ since Kibera residents now use the toilets built in the bio center and this has helped keep their environment clean.

Rose Masinde, a member of Umande trust says the project continues to encourage the community to use the toilets since the more people use the toilets the more energy that is generated in the bio center.

Lessons learnt in the exchange programme

At the end of the workshop participants were happy that the regional exchange had met their objectives. Precious Naturinda said she liked all the sites that she visited but of specific interest to her was the solar panel at Holo market.

She hopes to introduce the project to her community which receives a lot of sunshine, will likely benefit the locals and is not capital intensive. She applauded the workshop organizers and urged them to continue conducting similar workshops so that people, especially women from different countries can learn and adopt the use of renewable energy.




The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) will be hosting a high-powered Canadian delegation at its Secretariat headquarters in Nairobi. The assistant Deputy Minister for Environment and Climate Change-Canada (ECCC), Ms. Isabelle Bérard, accompanied by three officers from ECCC; the Canadian High Commission in Nairobi, and Kelly Thompson, the First Secretary-Development, at the Canadian High Commission in Nairobi will pay a courtesy call to PACJA on 26th  November 2018.

The assistant Deputy Minister is part of the delegation from Canada that will be attending the Sustainable Global Blue Economy Conference, which is co-hosted by the n Governments of Kenya, Canada and Japan. At PACJA discussions on the role of women, indigenous people and local groups, especially those whose livelihoods depend on marine ecology and Canada’s strategy regarding the SDG 13 (climate action) and 14 (life below water); and its implication for Africa; will take center stage. Please visit our website https://www.pacja.org for more news and developments on this.

Climate Finance Thematic Working Group (TWG) was formed to ensure accountability and to facilitate monitoring and tracking of climate finance flow in Kenya. Under the Kenya National Platform on Climate Governance, the group seeks to involve other civil society organizations and non-state actors in understanding and facilitating cross cutting information on Climate Finance Governance in Kenya.

With support from CARE Kenya, TWG held a workshop in Taita Taveta County with an aim of enhancing capacities of the stakeholders on climate finance governance and improving their readiness for the green climate fund (GCF). The workshop spurred conversations on policies, legislations and laws that are relevant in the climate finance space, nationally and at the county level.

The workshop identified the viable points of synergy that can ensure proper and effective linkages between the National Climate Change Action Plan [II] and Taita Taveta County Integrated Development Plan.

The Integrated Programme to Build Resilience to Climate Change and Adaptive Capacity of Vulnerable Communities in Kenya: A case of Taita Taveta

The Adaptation Fund Programme is designed to enhance resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change in Taita Taveta County. The project aims to help communities within the county to respond to effects of Climate Change through integrated water management aimed to enhance food security.

Kenya was accredited by Adaptation Fund board to access finances from the Adaptation Fund in 2012 through the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). The Authority developed a programme titled, Integrated Programme to Build Resilience to Climate Change and Adaptive Capacity of Vulnerable Communities in Kenya. The programme started in January 2016 and is being implemented in 14 Counties in Kenya.

For effective implementation of the programme, a field implementation committee (FIC) benchmarks the project’s implementation. Each Executing Entity is required to conduct a baseline survey in order to establish benchmark/baseline level for the progress, at the beginning of the programme implementation. FIC is composed of representatives from National Environment Management Authority, Water Irrigations Department, county commissioner, County ecosystems conservator, World vision and school representatives.

One of the key initiatives that NEMA has initiated is construction of roof catchments gutters, tanks and water pans for rainwater harvesting for domestic and agricultural use. The objective of the programme is to establish infrastructure for water harvesting, storage and irrigation targeting 4 schools from each sub-county namely: Kajire Girls Secondary School, Mwakishime Primary School, Orkungu Primary School and Mgeno Primary School. The schools were selected through participatory consultation approach by the ministry of education and other stakeholders.  Each of the four schools will benefit from a ferro-cement water tank with a capacity of 50m3.

Rainwater harvesting is particularly important for these groups because:

  • Rainwater can be used directly or stored for future use
  • Stored water can be used to revitalize the ground level water hence improve its quality
  • Stored water can be used for domestic and agricultural production especially when the wells are dry.
  • Harvesting rainwater checks surface run off of water and reduces soil erosion.


Each of the schools will also be given indigenous tree seedlings which will be planted by the students on the school

Grounds to develop into woodlots which will be beneficial to the school because:

  • When mature, they can be used as fuel wood or sold as timber to generate revenue for the school thereby reducing reliance on natural public forest from neighboring forest ecosystems;
  • The woodlots form a vital part of the schools’ environmental club and curriculum and act as a live demonstration for forestry and agriculture-related topics;
  • The trees can be sold as saplings to the surrounding community thereby generating income for the school;
  • Planted around the school, the trees will enhance the school’s beauty;
  • The trees will control soil erosion and water run-off.

For effective implementation of the programme, a field implementation committee (FIC) benchmarks the project’s implementation. Each Executing Entity is required to conduct a baseline survey in order to establish benchmark/baseline level for the progress, at the beginning of the programme implementation. FIC is composed of representatives from National Environment Management Authority, Water Irrigation Department, county commissioner, County ecosystems conservator, World vision and school representatives.

Other coastal counties implementing similar programs are Kilifi and kwale which targets Mangrove and Coral reef rehabilitation. 


Friday, 16 November 2018 00:00


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Green growth means supporting a low carbon development pathway through promoting economic resilience and resource efficiency, sustainable management of natural resources, development of sustainable infrastructure and providing support for social green growth objectives. PACJA partnered with Environmental capacities and Technical Services (ECAS) and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) to host the second National Green Growth Dialogue on 15th November in Nairobi in an ongoing effort to promote implementation of the green growth agenda in Kenya.

The dialogue, themed “Engaging the private sector for green and climate Action” sought to explore the role of the private sector in achieving green growth in the country. The conference brought together decision makers from government, private sector practitioners, community based organizations and academia/science and technology specialists. The one day meeting sought to discuss strategies for effective engagement of the private sector in achievement of green growth strategy goals and sustainable development in Kenya.

In his opening remarks, Prof. Wandiga from Institute of Climate Change Adaptation in the University of Nairobi indicated that climate change also comes with some positive aspects gave examples of opportunities presented by climate change for investment in various sectors.  These avenues include; food production, energy and waste management. While giving his presentation Jacob Olonde from ECAS urged the members to embrace green business and invest in green enterprises.

Green businesses are enterprises which consider environmental protection as an essential component of their long‐term business objectives, both by promoting eco‐efficient production activities and by marketing sustainable products and services. He added that Corporations and small and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs) need to be the agents of change for sustainability and to turn environment protection into a business opportunity.  Mr. Olonde said that ECAS had a Green Growth Capacity Development Programme. The programme seeks to introduce Green Growth and Green Economy as a solution for addressing development challenges, to assist with the integration of these concepts into socio-economic policy planning, to educate the public about the most innovative, cost-effective approaches to Integrated Green Economy amongst other things.

In her presentation Leah Gichuki, also from ECAS said that Private sector engagement approaches need to make stronger links with national development plans and priorities on climate change and the environment. Approaches to promote clean technologies are sometimes combined with efforts by development partner countries to promote their own private sector, and therefore favor technologies from their own countries. She added that while such approaches may be effective in delivering environmental benefits at the project level, like fuel savings or reduced emissions, they do not necessarily contribute to supporting the development of local technologies or longer-term solutions. At times, it is unclear whether they would promote the most cost-effective approaches.

The members agreed the next meeting should involve members from the communities who will be able to share perspectives from the ground in terms of their involvement in the green revolution.

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