photo credits ReserachGate
For the past three decades the world has become increasingly digitalised and thus providing climate change campaigners an added platform to share and shape public discourse on the issue.
According to ‘We Are Social’, 3.26 billion people use social media on mobile devices. As of January 2019, figures indicate a growth of 297 million new users, which represents a year-on-year increase of more than 10 per cent.
An early and popular definition of social media states that it is an online structure where individuals use their own profiles to connect with other individuals by creating lists of friends’ profiles.
While original research on climate change communication focused on traditional media, such as news coverage of climate change and environmental campaigns in print, radio and television, academics are however increasingly turning their focus on the role social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Instagram can play in advancing discussions around climate change in real-time.
Social media platforms provide a space for three important domains of climate change communication: information (awareness creation), mobilisation and discussion (with potential for behavioural change).
There is a wide range of possible roles social media can play in encouraging different attitudes and behaviours around climate change.
Social media platforms can be used by scientists, activists, and journalists to frame climate change discourses besides sharing the same among themselves and with ordinary people.Policymakers and academics can also use social media for climate change research.
In addition, social media platforms provide users with a space to discuss climate change issues. Scientists, activists and journalists use social media to interact with the public, who also use social media to criticize policies, as well as a means to crowdsource for news tip in their media coverage.
Further, social media platforms have been used to coordinate rescue and relief operations in the aftermath of climate change-related disasters, as well as to organize movements and campaigns about climate change.
Increasingly, social media is being seen as particularly valuable tool due to being a fast or even immediate, integrative, and cheap multimedia (compared to alternatives).
As such, social media should be beneficial for social and political actors, and therefore for climate change experts.
Social media communication can act as a trusted source of climate change information for publics, as well as a trigger and means for controversy and contestation, so research impacts are important in maintaining the quality of information and discussion available through social media. In this way, it is possible for organisations such as the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance to make science public and improve the culture of social media climate change communication.
BY Maryann Mwende.
Photo credits PRMIA
The Pan African Justice Alliance (PACJA) and CARE International on behalf of the implementing partners of the "Civil Society Organisations readiness to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) - focus Africa" project coordinated by German watch and CARE International, are organizing an Online Webinar to be held on WEDNESDAY, 30TH APRIL 2019 FROM 12:00 -13:30 NAIROBI TIME.
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) offers an opportunity for Africa transformation towards climate change resilient livelihoods. Currently, 50% of all GCF approvals to date have been to Africa. A total of 36 GCF projects have been approved. GCF funding in Africa is $ 2.3 billion, whilst co-financing is $ 5.6 billion; the total number of readiness grant approved is 76, valued at $ 39.4 million. A number of African countries have managed to obtain large scale funding from the Green Climate Fund (GCF). Morocco, for instance, is implementing a USD 40 million project to prevent environmental degradation from Argan oil production, and Zambia is helping farmers adapt to climate change. Despite this picture, access to climate finance at scale remains one of the biggest challenges for African countries. This webinar thus looks at how GCF can be useful in meeting the climate finance gap in Africa.The webinar also looks at how to ensure that the CSOs are not left behind in the implementation of GCF financed projects.
The WEBINAR AGENDA:
1. Welcome and facilitation - Hellen Njeri Kuria, PACJA
2. Understanding how the GCF can enhance the implementation of NDCs in Africa - Mr. Peter Taafa, Ministry of Planning & GCF Focal person In Nigeria.
3. Case Presentations of GCF funded projects and the CSOs engagement experiences in Kenya & Zambia- Mr. Hillary Korir, Ministry of Finance,Kenya & Mr Steven Nyirenda, Zambia Climate Change Network
4. A closing summary of discussions - Crispus Mugambi, CARE
International in Kenya.
This Webinar will be held online via the "GoToMeeting" platform to enable interested stakeholder to take part in the discussions. The"GoTo" software can be installed on all computers, laptops, smartphones and any related equipment. Please contact us if you face any technical issues when connecting. The platform allows audio/video participation and is accessible at this link:
REGIONAL WEBINAR ON CIVIL SOCIETY ENGAGEMENT WITH THE GREEN CLIMATE FUND (GCF)
Tuesday, 30 April 2019 11:00 - 12:30 CEST (Central European SummerTime,GMT+2)
PLEASE JOIN THE WEBINAR FROM YOUR COMPUTER, TABLET OR SMARTPHONE AT THIS LINK:
IF REQUESTED, ENTER THE ACCESS CODE: 904-165-989
New to GoToMeeting? Get the app now and be ready when your first meeting starts: https://global.gotomeeting.com/install/904165989
For confirming your participation in the Webinar, we would like to ask you to INSERT YOUR PERSONAL DETAILS IN THIS TABLE BELOW BY WEDNESDAY THE 25TH OF APRIL 2019.
LINK TO THE TABLE :(PLEASE OPEN WITH GOOGLE CHROME ENGINE): http://tinyurl.com/yyjczm9x
We look forward to your positive response and involvement in the webinar.
Participation of Civil Society Organizations in REDD+ - A case study review of Cote D'ivoire, Mozambique & CameroonWritten by Ann Mwende
Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable forest management and enhancement of the carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+) is a financial incentive-based climate change mitigation initiative designed to compensate national governments and subnational actors in return for demonstrable reduction in carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (UNFCCC 2010). REDD+ can support countries in ensuring sustainable forest management, and provide incentives to address some of the main drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, such as slash-and-burn agriculture (shifting cultivation) and fuel wood consumption.
Attached is A case study review of Cote D'ivoire, Mozambique & Cameroon .
The successful hosting of a first ever, Africa FCPF Regional Exchange Workshop in Kenya was the result of efforts by a number of players. Grateful appreciation is due to the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) in collaboration with the Mainyoito Pastoralist Integrated Development Organization (MPIDO) who hosted and supported the workshop and the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) financial support. We especially acknowledge the Ministry of Environment and Forestry through the Kenya Forest Service for honoring the invitation to speak at the meeting.
Attached is the workshop report .
The African center for technology studies (ACTS) in partnership with Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) through its Kenyan platform The Kenya Platform for Climate Governance (KPCG), Makueni County government and the Council of Governors organized a two day workshop on mapping and scaling county climate action under the “strengthening non state climate action on global south project. “The project focuses on the Kenyan counties as the sub state actors for which this partnership is targeted as a means of scaling up climate action across the counties. The workshop aimed to map and catalyze the extent of climate action in Kenya, this recognizing the critical role of counties in implementing policies as envisaged by the constitution of Kenya 2010.
The workshop participants included the 41 county government officers designated with matters related to climate change, members of county assembly and delegates from ministry of environment and civil society organizations (CSOs).
H.E Adeline Mwau, Deputy Governor Makueni County urged the participants to lead by example as they are in positions of leadership and people look up to them. She said they should walk the talk and start mainstreaming issues of climate change from their homes.
Victoria Chengo from ACTS stated that their organization aims to work with the county governments to understand how to boost scale and effectiveness of climate action in Kenya. Her words were echoed by Dr Joanes Atela head of climate resilient economies programme, ACTS who stated that counties need to work together to mainstream issues of climate change in their communities. Possible mechanism to mainstream climate change in National planning will be through creating awareness at both the national and county government levels for change in behaviors of production and consumption patterns.
Olivia Adhiambo, senior programme officer PACJA gave a reflection of national climate governance conference that happened last year. The conference was themed “The role of devolved governments in the Transition to low carbon climate resilient economic development “Key recommendations from the conference included devolving climate governance, There is need to ensure coherence between policies and interventions set out in county integrated development plans (CIDPs) and medium term plans (MTPs) with NCCAP,NDCs and the Paris agreement.
Creating strategic partnership was also another reccommendation.Individuals and organizations should explore and nurture partnerships and joint initiatives in areas that are closely inter-linked and mutually re-enforcing towards promoting climate governance. Olivia added that PACJA took into those recommendations and so far the alliance has formulated climate change policies at county levels, working with Kitui, Tharaka Nithi and Embu counties.
At the end of the workshop the participants’ county climate action resolved to:
- To engage local communities, academia, Climate Change Directorate and Civil Society Organizations in the Climate sector.
- Establish climate change policy legal framework – have in place governance structures.
- Support sustainable land use forest conservation and reforestation to reduce GHG.
- Lobby for budgetary allocation for climate action in county budgets.
National Training for CSOs on GCF Proposal Development and Climate Change Budgeting and Coding ReportWritten by Ann Mwende
In order to lay groundwork for the Kenya CSOs and Climate finance working group Pan African Climate Justice Alliance collaborated with National treasury (National Designated Authority) trained CSOs on Climate change budgeting and coding skills. This will not improve their Capacity but also enhance their skills to track climate Finance Flows in Kenya. Moreover CSO were trained on Green Climate Finance processes and how to develop bankable proposals that can address key climate challenges most vulnerable communities especially in ASALs region.
It is a known fact that majority of the SMEs use obsolete technologies because of their inability or having inadequate finance to go for new technologies. As per the statistics, SMEs are the major source of environmental pollution (70%). This is very alarming figure and, hence , necessitates that SMEs should be made aware of this act. They must care for the environment and adopt green business practices. Wellbeing of the environment should well be taken into consideration by SMEs while developing their business strategy (International Society for SMEs, 2019).
This survey, thus, will be useful in understanding the landscape in the SMEs engagement in climate change, their preparedness, and help KIE to develop practical measures to support them to actively participate in national and sub-national dialogue and response processes......
The Climate and Sustainable Development Network (CSDevNet), says the UN Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Degraded Forests (REDD+) National Capacity Building engagement meeting in Cross River will encourage experience sharing.
The meeting is aimed at forming more strategic alliances in the REDD+ and climate change processes by engaging Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and Forest Dependent Communities (FDCs).
Mr Atayi Babs, the National Network Coordinator of CSDevNet, a coalition of civil society groups, said this in a statement signed by Mr James Odey, the South-South Coordinator of CSDevNet on Friday in Abuja.
The REDD+ programme is the UN collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) in developing countries.
Babs said that the workshop would be organised by the Climate and Sustainable Development Network (CSDevNet) in Partnership with the National REDD+ Secretariat, Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) and the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) of the World Bank.
“The capacity building and engagement meeting facilitated national exchange is to encourage first-hand learning and sharing of experiences from civil society members and Forest Dependent Communities (FDCs) engaged in the REDD+ processes.
“The reason for the workshop is to form more strategic alliances in the REDD+ and climate change processes by engaging Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and Forest Dependent Communities in sharing experiences on the journey so far, with UN-REDD+ in Nigeria.’’
Babs said that the project which, started in Cross River had been replicated in two other states – Nassarawa and Ondo states, adding that REDD+’s major stakeholders were CSOs.
“The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) engagement meeting, in addition to facilitating knowledge exchange is a platform to expand conversations and broaden partnerships around REDD+ readiness processes, while at the same time contributing toward the National REDD+ Strategy and Processes.’’
Dr Alice Ekwu, the Cross River State Commissioner for Climate Change and Forestry, represented by Mr Ogbong Akwaji, the Permanent Secretary and Chairman of REDD+ Committee, thanked the organisers for the meeting.
“The state government is impressed with progress made over the years and is aware of the benefits of afforestation making great strides in the overall interest of Nigerians.
“Although, the target of planting five million trees had not been met, so many afforestation projects have been done and we ask for more engagements to sensitise even more of the rural communities.’’
Dr Amah Moses, the National REDD+ Coordinator said that the workshop was a sign indicating that progress was being made.
He stressed the need for tangible beneficial results in communities and for individuals in the afforestation efforts.
“REDD+ started in Cross River as a pioneer state and if there’s no tangible progress made, other states will be reluctant to be a part of the programme.’’
He encouraged participants to be open to learn and to share ideas in the course of the workshop.
“All CSOs working with REDD+ have connectivity and must work together with reference to CSDevNet has demonstrated through this engagement meeting,’’ she added.
Mr Patrick Bassey, the State Coordinator of REDD+, said that CSOs were independent, voluntary non-business groups, non-governmental, community or faith-based organisations, whose main purpose was promote the interest of the common man.
He further emphasised that the workshop was designed to broaden the knowledge of CSOs involved in the REDD+ programme and they were available to make the government accountable, effective and legitimate through positive engagements.
Mr Joachims Offum, one of the locals representing Njua Kaku communities, raised concerns that even with task forces put in place; trailers of logged woods still left the community regularly without being checked.
He pleaded for actual implementation of the rules against logging, which should be enforced by the government, adding that “when the forest is totally gone, REDD+ too will be gone’’.
Mr Pius Oko, the CSDevNet Project Officer said that “REDD+ is everybody’s business that leaves no one behind so the maxim should be if we work together, we will all benefit together.’’
“In Nigeria, the key objective of the CSDevNet-led FCPF project is to form a synergy with, and complement the efforts of the CSOs and FDCs in advancing the course of the REDD+ in Nigeria.
“As a network, we aim to deepen the knowledge and experience sharing of CSOs and local communities in Nigeria on REDD+ Readiness at the national level.
“We also want to sensitise local communities and CSOs targeting women and the youth on REDD+ and climate change processes as well as strengthen the linkage between CSO groups, government, and the media to promote our project.”
According to Oko, this solution is targeted at reducing forest losses caused by farming, rearing of animals and logging, among other drawbacks.“The environment is getting hotter and there is a gradual increase in emissions: REDD+ was therefore established for reducing the emission from deforestation and degradation, thus bringing about forest conservation,” he said.
By EBERE AGOZIE
ADDRESSING INEQUALITY GAP AMONG THE KENYAN YOUTH IN THE CONTEXT OF NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS (NDCs), NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLAN (NCCAP) AND CLIMATE FINANCEWritten by Ann Mwende
Young people are the key to unlocking some of the greatest challenges facing Africa such as poverty and climate change. They are the pillars or greatest force the world has to steer the world towards position change. While this is true we cannot deny the fact that there are a couple of obstacles that prevent the young people from fully realizing their potential as change drivers in the society. This has led to a setback in the world being able to meet some of its goals. The young people have the technical capacity in terms of attitude, energy, dynamism and high affinity to technology which are key tools necessary for any driver of change. Lately youth and students around the world are striking from schools to demand for climate action from their governments.
It is upon the need for young people to contribute to climate action, that Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) together with African Youth Initiative on Climate Change (AYICC) Kenya in collaboration with 350 Kenya youth are planning a two day workshop on 4th and 5th April to outline the impact of inequality gap with reference to education, employment, governance and health and the influence of these sectors on the implementation of NDCs, NCCAP and access to climate finance.
The workshop will also come as a build-up to the global United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Youth Forum to be held in Nairobi on the 8th and 9th of April 2019, Which seeks to recognize the young people as drivers of change and of development within the spheres of climate change under the theme of Empowered, Included and Equal.
Specifically, the workshop will seek to:
- Deliberate upon the inequality gaps in these five sectors of focus.
- Understand how the inequality gaps in these sectors affect implementation of Kenya's NDCs, NCCAP and Access to Climate Finance.
- Determine the existing opportunities for the youth to tap into within the inequality gaps.
- Recommend policy options to enhance youth involvement in inequality debate
NATIONAL TRAINING FOR CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS (CSOS) ON GREEN CLIMATE FUND (GCF) PROPOSAL DEVELOPMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE BUDGETING AND CODING.Written by Ann Mwende
Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) in collaboration with National treasury (National Designated Authority) will train CSOs on Climate change budgeting and coding skills. This will not only improve their Capacity but also enhance their skills to track climate Finance Flows in Kenya. Moreover CSO will be trained on GCF processes and how to develop bankable proposals on the same. The two day training will take place on the 4th and 5th this month.
The training will also help interrogate Kenya’s capacity for increased climate finance, with a focus on three elements: the prevailing governance (legal, policy and institutional) framework; climate finance flows mechanisms or modalities; and the country’s capacity to access international climate finance at scale, with the Green Climate Fund (GCF) chosen as an ideal case study.
A number of initiatives aimed at assessing and building developing countries’ capacity to absorb climate finance at scale and to effectively utilise the same are underway. One such initiative in Kenya is the Angaza Project (Strengthening Civil Society Organisations (CSO) Advocacy for Improved Climate Change Governance in Kenya) that is spearheaded by the PACJA with the support of Department for International Development (DFID) through Deepening Democracy Program (DDP).
Angaza Project has three objectives, one of which is tracking and monitoring climate financing to ensure that the Exchequer budgetary allocations and other climate finance streams for climate change activities meet the needs of the most vulnerable communities and individuals at the frontline of climate change impacts. This work is to be spearheaded by the Climate Finance Working Group.
Specific Objective of the Meeting
- To train CSO on Green Climate Fund (GCF) with an aim of enhancing their capacity to develop bankable proposals and access funding
- To discuss and input to climate change Budgeting and coding Manual which targets to enhance transparency in climate financing
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