Climate Finance Thematic Working Group (TWG) was formed to ensure accountability and to facilitate monitoring and tracking of climate finance flow in Kenya. Under the Kenya National Platform on Climate Governance, the group seeks to involve other civil society organizations and non-state actors in understanding and facilitating cross cutting information on Climate Finance Governance in Kenya.
With support from CARE Kenya, TWG held a workshop in Taita Taveta County with an aim of enhancing capacities of the stakeholders on climate finance governance and improving their readiness for the green climate fund (GCF). The workshop spurred conversations on policies, legislations and laws that are relevant in the climate finance space, nationally and at the county level.
The workshop identified the viable points of synergy that can ensure proper and effective linkages between the National Climate Change Action Plan [II] and Taita Taveta County Integrated Development Plan.
The Integrated Programme to Build Resilience to Climate Change and Adaptive Capacity of Vulnerable Communities in Kenya: A case of Taita Taveta
The Adaptation Fund Programme is designed to enhance resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change in Taita Taveta County. The project aims to help communities within the county to respond to effects of Climate Change through integrated water management aimed to enhance food security.
Kenya was accredited by Adaptation Fund board to access finances from the Adaptation Fund in 2012 through the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). The Authority developed a programme titled, Integrated Programme to Build Resilience to Climate Change and Adaptive Capacity of Vulnerable Communities in Kenya. The programme started in January 2016 and is being implemented in 14 Counties in Kenya.
For effective implementation of the programme, a field implementation committee (FIC) benchmarks the project’s implementation. Each Executing Entity is required to conduct a baseline survey in order to establish benchmark/baseline level for the progress, at the beginning of the programme implementation. FIC is composed of representatives from National Environment Management Authority, Water Irrigations Department, county commissioner, County ecosystems conservator, World vision and school representatives.
One of the key initiatives that NEMA has initiated is construction of roof catchments gutters, tanks and water pans for rainwater harvesting for domestic and agricultural use. The objective of the programme is to establish infrastructure for water harvesting, storage and irrigation targeting 4 schools from each sub-county namely: Kajire Girls Secondary School, Mwakishime Primary School, Orkungu Primary School and Mgeno Primary School. The schools were selected through participatory consultation approach by the ministry of education and other stakeholders. Each of the four schools will benefit from a ferro-cement water tank with a capacity of 50m3.
Rainwater harvesting is particularly important for these groups because:
- Rainwater can be used directly or stored for future use
- Stored water can be used to revitalize the ground level water hence improve its quality
- Stored water can be used for domestic and agricultural production especially when the wells are dry.
- Harvesting rainwater checks surface run off of water and reduces soil erosion.
Each of the schools will also be given indigenous tree seedlings which will be planted by the students on the school
Grounds to develop into woodlots which will be beneficial to the school because:
- When mature, they can be used as fuel wood or sold as timber to generate revenue for the school thereby reducing reliance on natural public forest from neighboring forest ecosystems;
- The woodlots form a vital part of the schools’ environmental club and curriculum and act as a live demonstration for forestry and agriculture-related topics;
- The trees can be sold as saplings to the surrounding community thereby generating income for the school;
- Planted around the school, the trees will enhance the school’s beauty;
- The trees will control soil erosion and water run-off.
For effective implementation of the programme, a field implementation committee (FIC) benchmarks the project’s implementation. Each Executing Entity is required to conduct a baseline survey in order to establish benchmark/baseline level for the progress, at the beginning of the programme implementation. FIC is composed of representatives from National Environment Management Authority, Water Irrigation Department, county commissioner, County ecosystems conservator, World vision and school representatives.
Other coastal counties implementing similar programs are Kilifi and kwale which targets Mangrove and Coral reef rehabilitation.
Green growth means supporting a low carbon development pathway through promoting economic resilience and resource efficiency, sustainable management of natural resources, development of sustainable infrastructure and providing support for social green growth objectives. PACJA partnered with Environmental capacities and Technical Services (ECAS) and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) to host the second National Green Growth Dialogue on 15th November in Nairobi in an ongoing effort to promote implementation of the green growth agenda in Kenya.
The dialogue, themed “Engaging the private sector for green and climate Action” sought to explore the role of the private sector in achieving green growth in the country. The conference brought together decision makers from government, private sector practitioners, community based organizations and academia/science and technology specialists. The one day meeting sought to discuss strategies for effective engagement of the private sector in achievement of green growth strategy goals and sustainable development in Kenya.
In his opening remarks, Prof. Wandiga from Institute of Climate Change Adaptation in the University of Nairobi indicated that climate change also comes with some positive aspects gave examples of opportunities presented by climate change for investment in various sectors. These avenues include; food production, energy and waste management. While giving his presentation Jacob Olonde from ECAS urged the members to embrace green business and invest in green enterprises.
Green businesses are enterprises which consider environmental protection as an essential component of their long‐term business objectives, both by promoting eco‐efficient production activities and by marketing sustainable products and services. He added that Corporations and small and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs) need to be the agents of change for sustainability and to turn environment protection into a business opportunity. Mr. Olonde said that ECAS had a Green Growth Capacity Development Programme. The programme seeks to introduce Green Growth and Green Economy as a solution for addressing development challenges, to assist with the integration of these concepts into socio-economic policy planning, to educate the public about the most innovative, cost-effective approaches to Integrated Green Economy amongst other things.
In her presentation Leah Gichuki, also from ECAS said that Private sector engagement approaches need to make stronger links with national development plans and priorities on climate change and the environment. Approaches to promote clean technologies are sometimes combined with efforts by development partner countries to promote their own private sector, and therefore favor technologies from their own countries. She added that while such approaches may be effective in delivering environmental benefits at the project level, like fuel savings or reduced emissions, they do not necessarily contribute to supporting the development of local technologies or longer-term solutions. At times, it is unclear whether they would promote the most cost-effective approaches.
The members agreed the next meeting should involve members from the communities who will be able to share perspectives from the ground in terms of their involvement in the green revolution.
The Energy Foundation and the Sierra Club is hosting the beyond advocates conference in New Orleans to discuss strategies to accelerate a clean energy future. The conference which is being held from 13th -15th of November is under the theme “Building a Carbon-Free Grid”. This biennial conference provides a chance to discuss with colleagues and experts the latest thinking and strategies to accelerate the transition from coal and gas to clean energy. The conference will explore opportunities and tools to retire coal plants domestically, stop the rush to natural gas, accelerate the transition to clean energy, advance justice and equity to the most vulnerable communities, and respond to the challenges of a new presidential administration.
Mithika Mwenda, PACJA Executive Director while giving his presentation said that PACJA seeks to work with Governments to drive African agenda at international level, He added that the alliance is in Strong partnership with several International partners in the North & South to spearhead major campaigns, for example the “Big shift” aimed at 100% renewables. He made it clear that the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and other development aspirations can only be possible if we address the question of energy by going green.
“Non-State Actors have played a prominent role in the climate change and energy transition discourse by experimenting new ideas and prototypes, which have shaped decisions and actions” Mithika said. He went on to express worries on the state of relationships between the civil society and the government while in others the space for CSOs does not exist. He emphasized that for the energy transition to happen, the government and Non-state actors have to pull together and in one direction.
Mithika added that Africa was also in the fore front to have sustainable and clean energy; He said that Africa had established an African coalition for Sustainable Energy & Access for campaign to accelerate energy transformation & transition. He added that Africa was Strengthening North-South, South-South partnerships in movement building through exchange learning, people-people exchanges and solidarity visits in an aim to address energy issues.
Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) and Hanns Seidel Foundation through the Regional Sustainability Network (RSN) for Sub-Saharan Africa have partnered to host the November Webinar on the topic of Climate Finance as part of capacity building of the Network members mainly comprised of civil society organizations, on how to develop concepts and work with National Designated Authority (NDA) preferably with examples/success stories across the Region.
The first of the webinars will be running on 22nd November.
More details will be provided later.
Energy is the key component in the mitigation response to combatting climate change. If dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate is to be avoided this century, a worldwide transition to renewable energy sources needs to take place urgently. The African continent is facing a particularly key moment in its development pathway, with a stark choice to be made between either following the same highcarbon path pursued by industrialized countries, or concentrating its growth on low-carbon climate resilient development. Demand for energy is exploding in Africa, as countries develop economically and per capita energy use rises as per capita incomes grow1. The continent has the natural resources required to provide renewable sources of energy, some of which are already being exploited. Global investments in renewable energy grew by 32 per cent between 2009 and 2010, to a record US$211 billion, with countries in Africa posting the highest percentage increase of all developing regions (excluding the emerging economies of Brazil, China and India). However there are still significant obstacles to the large scale and widespread provision of clean energy in Africa and a worrying dependence on fossil fuels remains. To transform the continent, economic growth must be decarbonized, which will require transformation of both energy policies and practices. A paradigm shift is needed, with a new approach that focuses on effective energy governance and the promotion of inclusive and sustainable growth. Choosing this path is essential both for the good of the planet and the development of Africa.
Participation des organisations de la société civile aux processus REDD+ en Côte d’Ivoire, au Mozambique et au Cameroun,policy brief.FRENCH.Written by Ann Mwende
À l’échelle mondiale, la superficie forestière diminue au taux annuel le plus récent de 3,3 millions d’hectares entre 2010 et 2015 (Garzuglia, 2018). Les forêts jouent un rôle majeur en tant que réservoirs de carbone, la déforestation et la dégradation des forêts entraînent des émissions de gaz à effet de serre et réduisent la capacité des forêts à séquestrer le carbone, renforçant ainsi le réchauffement climatique.
La réduction des émissions résultant du déboisement et de la dégradation des forêts et le rôle de la conservation, de la gestion durable des forêts et du renforcement des stocks de carbone dans les pays en développement (REDD+) (voir encadré 1) est une initiative d’atténuation du changement climatique fondée sur des incitations financières conçues pour compenser les gouvernements nationaux et les acteurs sous-nationaux en échange de la réduction évidente des émissions de carbone dues à la déforestation et la dégradation forestière (CCNUCC 2010). REDD+ peut aider les pays à assurer une gestion durable des forêts et fournir des incitations pour s’attaquer à certains des principaux moteurs du déboisement et de la dégradation des forêts, tels que l’agriculture itinérante et la production et l’utilisation non durables et inefficaces du bois de feu.
Assessing EbA Integration into Policies in Tharaka Nithi County as a Major Response to Climate Change,policy brief.Written by Ann Mwende
Ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA) has generally been defined as the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of the overall adaptation strategy to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change (SCBD, 2009). In the context of agricultural systems and natural resource protection, EBA is the employment of sustainable agricultural management practices that can make use of or take advantage of biological diversities, ecosystem services or ecological processes to help increase the ability of crops or livestock to adapt to climate variability and change (Jackson et al., 2010). EbA is increasingly being incorporated into national climate policies and the international climate debate as a viable yet to date largely under-utilized strategy for adapting to climate change. EbA is centred on biological approaches to soil erosion prevention, restoration and conservation aimed at maintaining ground cover to protect the soil service living bushes and grasses to build up terraces. It involves farmers, local communities in the design, implementation and maintenance of conservation schemes and provide economic benefits to them through higher crop yields.
There has been increasing severity of arid and semiarid conditions in some parts of Tharaka Nithi County over the past decade (Nderitu et al, 2016). This may be attributed to the adverse effects of climate change combined with unsustainable livelihood practices and ecosystem degradation. It has resulted to the diminishing of ecosystem based livelihood support systems and reduced resilience to Climate Change shocks. The indication is that the sustainable supply of ecosystem goods and services is no longer assured because the ecological integrity of the ecosystem has been negatively affected by Climate Change impacts and poor land and resource management practices. Therefore, there is an urgent need to adopt a “best fit” approach to sustainably protect the livelihood of people and the ecosystems on which their livelihood is dependent.
Participation of Civil Society Organizations in REDD+ ,Processes in Cote d’Ivoire, Mozambique and Cameroon,policy brief.ENGLISHWritten by Ann Mwende
Globally, forest area is decreasing at a most recently reported annual rate of 3.3 million hectares from 2010 to 2015 (Garzuglia, 2018). Forest play a major role as carbon pools, deforestation and forest degradation leads to greenhouse gas emissions as well as reduces the capacity of forests to sequester carbon, thus enhancing global warming.
Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable forest management and enhancement of the carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+) refer to box 1 is a financial incentive-based climate change mitigation initiative designed to compensate national governments and sub-national actors in return for demonstrable reduction in carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (UNFCCC 2010). REDD+ can support countries in ensuring sustainable forest management, and provide incentives to address some of the main drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, such as slash-and-burn agriculture (shifting cultivation) and unsustainable and inefficient production and utilization of wood fuel.
There is growing recognition of the role that well-managed ecosystems can play in supporting adaptation - through increasing resilience and decreasing vulnerability of people and their livelihoods to the impacts of climate change. Well-managed ecosystems have a greater potential to adapt to climate change, resist and recover more easily from extreme weather events, and provide a wide range of benefits on which people depend. In contrast, poorly managed, fragmented and degraded ecosystems can increase the vulnerability of people and nature to the impacts of climate change.
Assesing EbA Intergration into Kitui County Policies as a major response to climate change,policy brief.Written by Ann Mwende
In Kitui County, mainstreaming EbA into policy will promote integrated approach to climate change impacts and can robustly address both the climatic extreme events and sustainability issues. The key purpose of mainstreaming is to achieve the goals of ensuring healthy and productive ecosystems and promote adaptation practices as part of overall development interventions.
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