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Regional Dialogue and Consultations for IPs and Southern CSOs – Africa (Concept Note)

Introduction and Background

 The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) is a global partnership of governments, businesses, civil society organisations, and Indigenous Peoples (IPs) focused on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, forest carbon stock conservation, the sustainable management of forests, and the enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (activities commonly referred to as REDD+).

The FCPF Capacity Building Programme (CBP) is aimed at providing forest-dependent indigenous peoples (IPs), southern civil society organizations (CSOs) and local communities with information, knowledge and awareness on REDD+ to enhance their understanding of key principles and processes, and by extension their capability to engage more meaningfully in the implementation of REDD+ related activities and programs.

There have been two phases of the CBP since 2009. In Phase 2, which included additional financing to the regional projects, three IPs organisations (IPOs) and three CSOs have been empowered to distribute financial and technical support to selected CSOs and IPOs from FCPF countries in three regions: Asia and the Pacific; Latin American and the Caribbean; and sub-Saharan Africa. In Africa, another IPO was added under the additional financing to separately support IPOs in Central African countries. 

The CBP is coming to its set closing date in December 2019 in the Asia-Pacific and Africa regions, and June 2020 in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. There have been significant achievements under this programme, and which were not only demonstrated in increased awareness of the IPs and CSOs to REDD+, climate change and preparation of national Emission Reduction Programmes (ERPs) but also in their higher visibility and participation in various country level dialogues. In addition, discussions are ongoing on potential sources of further financing to the CBP programme, with focus on promoting the REDD+ agenda in Carbon Finance countries. This calls for a regional dialogue on lessons learned and best practices from the CBP, and consultations between the FCPF Fund Management Team (FMT) and FCPF country participants in each of the three regions on possible future support.

Objectives

The objectives of the Regional Dialogues and Consultations are: (a) to share consolidated results and lessons learned from the grassroots level in building the capacity of IPs, southern CSOs and local communities engaged in REDD+ strategies and programmes within a given region, and (b), to provide the FMT and relevant donors with a consultative platform for learning about further REDD+-related capacity needs in the regions. These Dialogues and Consultations are to be organised based on “regional summaries” prepared by the intermediary organisations under the guidance of the FMT (also to be presented during the events as presentations and reports). The main findings of the Dialogues and Consultations will be channeled to the FCPF PC28 meeting in support of discussing further contributions to forest-dependent IPs, southern CSOs and local communities, and used by the World Bank team to prepare any necessary documents for World Bank’s management’s consideration. The key deliverables of the dialogue would be a summary of key lessons learned and best practices at the regional level, and recommendation for further support’s focus and actions.

 

Expected Outcomes

  • Regionally agreed key lessons learned from the CBP
  • Regionally agreed recommendations on future REDD+ capacity building actions for forest-dependent IPs and southern CSOs and local communities in Africa
  • Strengthened IPs and CSO networks within the region

Expected outputs

  • Regional summaries for IPs and CSOs, and local communities (2 per region)
  • A report summarising discussions and conclusions on lessons learned and recommendations
  • Countries’ presentations
  • Input for individual projects’ completion reports; a global FCPF forum to be organised by the World Bank/FMT; and a scoping study to be carried out by the World Bank, which examines the experiences of IPs and CSOs in all three regions during the implementation of the CBP and how they relate to REDD+ implementation. The study will subsequently feed into a final global CBP report and strategy for 2020-2025 and will also be utilised for creating knowledge products on CBP impact and next steps.

 

 

 

 

Dialogue et consultations régionaux pour les PA et les OSC du Sud - Afrique

Safari Park Hotel - 17 au 19 juillet 2019

Note conceptuelle ___________________________________________________________________________________

 

Introduction et contexte

Le Fonds de Partenariat pour le Carbone Forestier (FCPF) est un partenariat mondial regroupant des gouvernements, des entreprises, la société civile et les peuples autochtones (Les PA) concentré sur la réduction des émissions dues à la déforestation et à la dégradation des forêts, la conservation des stocks de carbone forestiers, la gestion durable des forêts et le renforcement des stocks de carbone forestiers dans les pays en développement (activités communément appelées REDD+). Le programme de renforcement des capacités du FCPF a pour objectif de fournir aux peuples autochtones dépendant des forêts, aux organisations de la société civile du Sud et aux communautés locales des informations, des connaissances et une sensibilisation à la REDD+ afin de les aider à mieux comprendre les principes et processus clés. Par extension, leur capacité à s’engager de manière plus significative dans la mise en œuvre d'activités et de programmes liés à la REDD+.

Le PRC s’est déroulé en deux phases à partir de 2009. La phase 2, qui comprenait un financement supplémentaire aux projets régionaux, trois organisations des PA (IPO) et trois OSC ont été habilitées à distribuer le soutien technique et financier à des organisations de la société civile et à des offices de propriété intellectuelle choisis dans des pays du FCPF de trois régions : Asie et Asie Pacifique ; Amérique latine et les Caraïbes ; et Afrique subsaharienne. En Afrique, une autre introduction en bourse a été ajoutée dans le cadre du financement supplémentaire destiné à soutenir séparément les offices de propriété intellectuelle des pays d’Afrique centrale.

 

Le PRC arrive à sa date de clôture prévue en décembre 2019 dans les régions d’Asie-Pacifique et Afrique, et en juin 2020 dans la région d’Amérique latine et Caraïbes. Des résultats significatifs ont été réalisées dans le cadre de ce programme, qui se sont non seulement traduits par une sensibilisation accrue des PA et des OSC à REDD+, le changement climatique et la préparation des programmes nationaux de réduction des émissions (ERP), mais aussi dans leur mise en œuvre, la visibilité et la participation accrues aux différents dialogues au niveau des pays. De plus, des discussions sont en cours sur les sources potentielles de financement ultérieur du programme PRC en mettant l'accent sur la promotion du programme REDD+ dans les pays de la finance carbone. Cela appelle un dialogue régional sur les leçons apprises et les meilleures pratiques de PRC, et des consultations entre l’équipe de gestion de fonds du FCPF (FMT) et les pays du FCPF participants dans chacune des trois régions sur un éventuel soutien futur.

Les objectifs

Les objectifs des dialogues et consultations régionaux sont les suivants : (a) partager les résultats consolidés et les enseignements tirés de la base en matière de renforcement des capacités des PA, des OSC du sud et des communautés locales engagées dans des stratégies et des programmes REDD+ dans une région donnée, et) de fournir à la FMT et aux donateurs concernés une plate-forme consultative pour se renseigner sur les futurs besoins en capacités liés à la REDD+ dans les régions. Ces dialogues et consultations doivent être organisés sur la base de « résumés régionaux » préparés par les organisations intermédiaires sous la direction de la FMT (à présenter également pendant les événements sous forme de présentations et de rapports). Les principales conclusions des dialogues et consultations seront communiquées à la réunion PC28 de la FCPF afin d’aider à discuter de nouvelles contributions aux initiatives en faveur des communautés qui dépendent des forêts.

 

Les PA, les OSC du sud et les communautés locales ont été utilisés par l’équipe de la Banque mondiale pour préparer tous les documents nécessaires à l’examen de la direction de la Banque. Les principaux résultats du dialogue consisteraient en un résumé des principales leçons apprises et des meilleures pratiques au niveau régional, ainsi que des recommandations visant l’attention et les actions supplémentaires.

 

Résultats attendus

  • Principalement convenu des leçons tirées du PRC
  • Recommandations acceptées au niveau régional sur les futures actions de renforcement des capacités REDD+ pour les PA dépendant des forêts et les OSC du Sud et les communautés locales en Afrique.
  • Réseaux des PA et OSC renforcés dans la région

 

Résultats attendus

  • Résumés régionaux pour les PA, les OSC et les communautés locales (2 par région)
  • Un rapport résumant les discussions et les conclusions sur les leçons apprises et les recommandations

Exposés des pays

  • contribution aux rapports d’achèvement des projets individuels ; un forum mondial du FCPF organisé par la Banque mondiale / FMT ; et une étude exploratoire à mener par la Banque mondiale, qui examinera les expériences des PA et des OSC des trois régions au cours de la mise en œuvre du PRC et leur lien avec la mise en œuvre de REDD+. L’étude sera ensuite intégrée au rapport final et à la stratégie mondiale du PRC pour la période 2020-2025 et sera également utilisée pour créer des produits de connaissance sur l’impact et les prochaines étapes du PRC.
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Nairobi meet to focus on transition to 100pc renewable energy

 

The PACJA/ACSEA Gabon team will be represented by the Deputy National Coordinator in Renewable Energy and Social Entrepreneurship Ngooundou Welcome at the multi-stakeholder partnership meeting on African energy transition towards 100% renewable energies.

PACJA’s  Technical and Political Affairs Chair Augustine B Njamnsi will be with the team from Gabon at the event organised by Power Shift Africa, in partnership with ACSEA, from July 9 to July 10, 2019, at the Four Points By Sheraton Hotel in Nairobi, Kenya.

The meeting aims to encourage an ambitious implementation of the African Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI) by building a multi-stakeholder partnership that will accompany the initiative.

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STATEMENT FROM PACJA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR IN REACTION TO US AMBASSADOR’S ENDORSEMENT OF COAL-FIRED POWER PROJECT IN KENYA’S LAMU COUNTY

 

A recent ruling by the Kenyan National Environment Tribunal putting on hold the construction of a controversial coal-fired power project in Lamu County came as a relief to many Kenyans and environment champions, not forgetting the Lamu people who were going to be directly affected by the Project.

This, however, was not the case with the US Ambassador to Kenya, Kyle McCarter, whose Boss, President Donald Trump, has expressed bias regarding such climate-polluting technologies viewed as contributing to the accumulation of Greenhouse Gases. In a string of tweets seemingly meant to insinuate the five-judge bench that delivered the ruling at the Supreme Court was misguided, and worse still, incompetent, Mr McCarter exhibited the true personality of President Donald Trump, who has pulled his country out of the landmark Paris Agreement and any globally-agreed framework to combat climate crisis.

Yet we have seen better American envoys in Kenya. A day like this July 7 was always a time to watch in the history of Kenya, as champions of democracy pushed for multi-partism. Such pushes were supported by one Smith Hempstone, a US Ambassador to Kenya between 1989 and 93, and who was an aggressive vocal proponent of democracy for Kenya. He wanted the best for Kenya, unlike his equal now, who has clearly displayed dislike for this country by supporting the dangerous Lamu power project.

Though the ruling is not a finality - an Environmental Impact Assessment study has been ordered conducted and a licence issued to the AMU Power to proceed with work on the ground cancelled - the tribunal ruling was a deserved victory for thousands of Lamu residents, Kenyans and well-wishers who have battled this toxic project.  

The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and the AMU Power were also admonished for not ensuring adequate public participation on the project and asked to do better. And as we wait to see whether AMU Power and NEMA will appeal within 30 days after the ruling as advised by the tribunal, we can only wish that McCarter was not intimidating an independent institution to serve his partisan interest, which we all know – President Trump’s climate-denial diplomacy.

In the past, the US was a global moral paragon of hope, standing with the most vulnerable, the powerless and those at the frontline of autocratic persecutions. Currently, however, Trump, and to an extent, his representatives, stand for the opposite of what their predecessors stood for – standing with the mighty against the poor and those facing environmental and human rights abuses worldwide. Tragically, this should be the lowest moment for the United States.

That a US government official appointed by the President himself would appear to belittle arguably the most independent Judiciary in Africa, and champion implementation of a project that will clearly leave voiceless people more troubled than they have been, with more debts than they can manage, cannot be fathomed.

It is absurd, and indeed beats logic that a person of McCarter’s ilk can openly lie that coal is “environmentally sound” in a continent where no one has ever witnessed even the mere rehabilitation of a dumped mine. Facing pressure from communities, thousands of coal mines have been decommissioned across United States. Though Trump promised to promote coal as the main source of energy during his term, few, if any, have been established since he took over from his predecessor, President Barrack Obama.

Assuming that the Lamu Coal Project would lead to growth of the Kenyan economy; have we analysed the opportunity cost?

We have many unexploited options, if the growth of Kenya’s economy is the true motivation for such a project. We have agriculture, tourism, art, ports, energy, transport and many other safer economic pillars that would grow this economy without harming a fly, but they have not been exploited.

Even if we were to think of the energy sector alone, wind and solar energy lie idle in this country, and we have not lacked power yet.

This only leaves questions in the minds of many: What interest does the US have in the coal-fired Project? How will the economy grow if the Kenyan taxpayer is subjected to unsustainable debts, even before we can start producing power? Do we need the power produced in that manner when our renewable, safer and cleaner energy sources have not been scratched beyond the shallow surface?

And where is the assured demand for power that we should consider our already available sources inadequate and rush to import coal just to produce power for commercial purposes? With coal companies staring at massive losses and bankruptcy due to community pressure in the US, China and the other major economies, the only destination to survive could be Africa and other poor regions of the world. Thus, McCarter’s ranting about the ruling by wise judges is not about the integrity of the energy source, but potentially precedent-setting ramifications to coal multinational corporations eyeing Kenya and African countries as dumping site for this obsolete technology rejected by their citizens.

The US has always appeared as being against corruption. McCarter should open his eyes wider and see the mouths salivating for this Lamu project. There are, and there will be tenders, and there are rent-seekers. This McCarter must be knowing by now.

Secondly, the need to grow an economy must not supersede the need for human and other ecosystems to exist. We do not want to die just so that the economy can grow. Who would it be growing for?

Thirdly, this project would need importation of coal. Someone is aiming to make profit, a huge one, by selling coal to us. Kenya is not desperate for power, more so if it has to come at the cost of biodiversity.

The US envoy can pretend to be ignorant about the climate-polluting, carbon emissions associated with coal-fired projects and argue that coal is “the cleanest, least costly option”. But he should be kind to tell us what to do with what we already have, of which we do not consume even 10%.

Just one expert at PACJA will be available to tutor Kyle McCarter – free of charge - on the dangers of coal: Out of our total energy, 70% is green. We generate 534MW from geothermal, and will by 2022 be doing 1,119MW. Our total geothermal potential is 10,000MW. We have not exploited wind and solar energy. The 365 turbines in Lake Turkana have a potential of 310MW.

The US Government must come clear on its interest on the coal-fired plant.

 

Mithika Mwenda

Executive Director

Pan African Climate Justice Alliance

Mithika Mwenda, has been nominated as the recipient of the 2019 Earth Care Award by United States of America’s largest Environmental Organisation, Sierra Club in recognition of his outstanding environmental advocacy in Africa and globally. He was recently named as one of the “100 most influential people in the world on climate policy”.

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