Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA has just completed a two-day workshop for middle-level and experienced science reporters and editors on Climate Change reporting in Nairobi.
The 18 young and experienced journalists both men and women drawn from10 Counties and have been keen and interested in environment and climate change issues. The journalists were drawn from urban and rural-based print and electronic media and got in-depth training that covered the key areas of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in the context of the Paris Agreement, and climate finance. The overriding objective of the training was to build capacity of the science reporters to understand and report effectively on Climate Change.
This training is the 3rd in a series of capacity building endeavours from PACJA strategically designed to respond to the knowledge and information gap in society about climate change larger environmental and natural resources values and threats.
In recognizing the value and space that journalists occupy in society PACJA uses a comprehensive knowledge management approach in creating awareness on effective climate/environmental threat coping mechanism and wise use of natural resources
The journalists expressed their expectations at the beginning of the workshop, some of which included; advance knowledge on Climate change, skills to pitch climate change and environmental stories that would get airtime. They also expressed their desires to get content for their media outlets that create more awareness on climate change stories they could tackle and how they could make the communities understand why the climate was changing and how they could handle such situations and such change.
Mike O’maera, the Communications and Knowledge Management Officer at PACJA stated that Climate change is a development issue that should be given the necessary attention, with properly trained journalists who can articulate Climate Change issues competently. He pointed out that PACJA was working with all strata of society not only to bring awareness but also to enhance climate change legislation from local government levels all the way to regional and international circles.
While leading the journalists to reflect on Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) Jacob Olonde, of the University of Nairobi, urged the reporters to track the implementation of climate change projects in the country. He noted that “Most African media houses, science reporting is not a daily routine, unlike politics, business and sports, science reporting is generally placed on the fringes of mainstream journalism”.
Various deep-rooted factors tend to keep science at the bottom of news reporting. Olonde explained that Kenya submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution on 28th December 2016, when it deposited its instrument of ratification for the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Kenya’s NDC sets out an ambitious mitigation contribution of abating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30% by 2030.
Shakespear Awiri from Climate Finance Directorate at the National Treasury in Nairobi led the participants through the intrigues and the answers to the climate finance dilemma. He told the journalists that they should report on how the finances in the climate change sector are acquired and used in the country to tackle issues of climate change. He pointed out that the National treasury is the best source for such information. He also explained some of the environmental projects that are ongoing in the country and Africa and how they could followed up on.
The workshop came to an end on the second day with the journalists taking turns to pick up assignments for their various media outlets. Mike O’maera, thanked the participants for responding positively to the call to attend the workshop albeit on a short notice. He said the training work-shop was a learning experience for all. He reiterated the need for maintaining the network of journalists and scientists to ensure accurate and sustained media coverage of climate change issues.
The journalists arrived at some key recommendations, which included, Strengthening relationship and trust between journalists and scientists through joint training. Secondly; they recommended supporting activities of existing and emerging national, regional and country or local Media Networks to help in promoting effective and responsible climate change reporting. They also recommended future trainings be long enough, should last at least five days so that more practical sessions, including field excursions to mitigation and adaptation activity sites can be accommodated. Finally, they recommended facilitation of rural-based media outlets in terms of content to report more on climate change.
“Addressing climate change requires collaborative efforts at both international, national, subnational levels, working in partnership with private sector, academia, civil society and communities, and no one should be left behind on any of the processes as the impact of climate Change is all encompassing.”Hellen Kuria, senior Programme Manager at PACJA said at the opening of the Post CoP 24 workshop at the Intercontinental in Nairobi.
Pan- African Climate Justice Alliance co-hosted the national stakeholders’ workshop on post 24th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 24), workshop on 28th February 2019 at Intercontinental hotel in Nairobi.
The one-day meeting served as a platform to report back to the stakeholders of the Climate on the outcomes of CoP-24 outcomes as well as interrogate their implication for Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) implementation, climate change interventions and development initiatives.
The UN Climate Change Conference (CoP24) took place from 2nd -14th December, 2018 in Katowice, Poland where the Kenya delegation was led by the Cabinet Secretary of Environment and Forestry Hon. Keriako Tobiko. The civil society fraternity was ably represented by the PACJA family from across the continent.
Dr. Charles Mutai, Director Climate Change at the Ministry of Environment and Forestry highlighted that, CoP 24 was complex as most of the technical negotiations were unresolved and the CoP presidency had to intervene in a number of these cases. The outcome of CoP 24 is known as “The Katowice Climate Package” outlines the modalities, guidelines and procedures for operation and use of Public Registry, National Determined Contributions, (NDCs) enhanced framework for adaptation, transition of the Kyoto Protocol to Paris Agreement, and how to advance information on financial support to developing countries.
The Katowice Climate Change Conference was also the 14th Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 14); the Third Part of the 1st Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1-3) and 7th part of the first session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1.7). In addition, the 49th Sessions of the Subsidiary Bodies (SBSTA 49 and SBI 49) also took place at the same period.
There is a general consensus among the Climate change fraternity that while CoP24 outcomes generally resonate with Kenya’s position for Climate change, commitment for support is weak there were critical decisions and outcomes realized during CoP24 which have implications on how Kenya implements and reports on her Climate Change initiatives which include the following.
- There is need for common Portal for Mitigation and Adaptation. The interim registry to be presented to the parities by June 2019.
- Establishment of Katowice Committee of Experts to develop a 6-year work plan on impacts of implementation of response measures. The committee of experts to review the work-plan by 15th April 2019
- Adaptation communication will be part of the Nationally Determined Contributions in order to increase visibility and profile of adaptation. it should be voluntary, not post additional burden to countries and will be not be subjected to technical review. It should however be linked to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Sendai framework to disaster risk reduction 2015 – 2030.
- Public Registry pro-type to be developed by June 2019. Other stakeholders including, non-state actors, private sector can access the registry.
- On means of implementation, there is need balance funding for adaptation and mitigation and for predictability and transparency on climate finance. Developed countries will therefore provide information on support provided while developing countries will provide information on finance needs supported. Collective quantified goal scale of funding is USD 100 per year and new target will be set in 2025.
- Parties determined to keep adaptation a domestic matter. The Adaptation fund shall serve Paris Agreement under guidance of meeting of the parties (CMA). Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) shall be replaced by sustainable adaptation mechanism.
- Education, training and awareness shall be called “Action on Climate Empowerment. Parties committed to capacity building and will be enhanced through regional, multilateral, and bilateral arrangements.
- Linkages between technology development and financing mechanism was complemented at CoP 24.
- Parties shall submit biennial transparency report and national inventory report.
Some of the Unresolved matters
- There was no consensus on time frames for reviewing the Nationally Determined Contributions. Some are doing it in 5 years while others are proposing 10 years.
- Transition to Clean Development Mechanisms while meeting safeguards that is addition of baseline requirements, environmental integrity and alignment of parties NDCs;
- Sectors to include or exclude in the determining nationally determined contributions (NDCs) given the unique circumstances of countries.
- Emissions trading systems – some countries are against commercialization of nature “mother earth”
The workshop brought together all stakeholders, from government, academic institutions, Private sector development partners, civil society organizations and grassroot organizations to reflect on the CoP 24 outcomes and their implications
Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) Uganda in Collaboration with PACJA Secretariat and with financial support from Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) organized a half day workshop to officially launch the project aimed at Strengthening Partnerships for the Effective Implementation of the Agenda 2030 in East Africa.
The workshop was attended by 30 participants who included representatives from Government, Ministries and Agencies, Honourable members of Parliament, Development Partners, Civil Society working around the selected SDGs, Media, Staff from PACJA Uganda and PACJA Secretariat.
The one-year project will focus on mainly 5 Sustainable Development Goals which include:
- Goal 5 –Gender Equality,
- Goal 8 –Decent work and economic growth
- Goal 10 –Reduced inequality
- Goal 13 –Climate action, and
- Goal 17 –Partnerships to achieve the Goals.
The main objective of the workshop was to explore the possibility of creating a strong SDGs Uganda forum through the strengthening existing platforms.
Attached is a report of the workshop.
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