A development meeting took place before the close of the meeting between African civil society and the African negotiators' chair. The goal was to agree on the expectations of civil society.
The African Group of Climate Change Negotiators (AGN) has deplored non-progressive attitudes of developed country parties in climate talks in Bonn.
The group voiced concern over declining commitment process on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by developed countries. A meeting with the various delegates of the African civil society during the climate talks was held in Bonn, with the chairman of the African group of negotiators Mohamed NASR. It was a consultative meeting on the position of African civil society in order to speak with one voice.
During the talks, Mohamed Nasr said "little progress has been made so far, some key issues such as loss and damage, and adaptation have been postponed and established bodies have decided to deal with it later ".
He added: "It was expected that much progress has already been made. What happened in Katowice is that everything was fully operational in Paris agreement. We have elements such as Article Eight on Loss and Damage, Adaptation and Resilience that have been passed on to the constituted bodies, while on the elements related to transparency nothing has been created. This is fine with us, but what happened in the constituted bodies was really distressing, for example, regarding the point of loss and damage, some partners are renegotiating what we already agreed. The same goes for funding, and adaptation ... so we are concerned that this delicate balance is being called into question because of changing geopolitical dimensions, "said Nasr.
He said the position on climate finance, particularly on the replenishment of the Green Climate Fund by some northern countries, such as Australia, was not particularly encouraging. "Australia says she is not going to invest money because she is already doing a lot of activities alone. On the other hand, the United States plays back and forth," said the AGN president.
And, according to Nasr, it seems Africa is now facing a dilemma, especially the recent discoveries of oil and gas in some its countries. According to NASR, these findings have created a complication for countries in the face of climate change's current concern. Indeed, on the one hand, oil and gas represent for them a real opportunity for development by taking advantage of these raw materials. But on the other hand, the climate context prevents the exploitation of these resources.
"Back on our continent, many countries are discovering oil and gas reserves. For example, in Eastern Africa, like in Somalia, countries have discovered huge reserves of oil and gas. In terms of environmental protection, exploitation of these materials is very polluting. The question is what will they do with these discoveries? So when we talk about intervention, it's a challenge we are facing," said Nasr.
However, he was quick to say that African countries were in favor of fighting global warming by reducing carbon emissions. But, in return, they expected real financial support, because the consequences of global warming are forcing them to divert resources for development to cope with disasters.
It is for this reason that the AGN has always insisted that adaptation be at the heart of climate debates. " We are in this process for two reasons, and that is very clear on our side as ANA. First, we need to strengthen the global ambition to fight climate change, but we must also secure the adaptation dimension, which is also different from the resilience that our partners are trying to describe in the discussions. And the Peace Fund in the financial package planned for adaptation is not as sufficient to finance the adaptation... but from our partners, the developed countries, the whole view is not the one to which we waited; it seems that engagement in the process of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) must be revitalised, and we need a strong voice from the African Civil Society Organisations to make known the resolutions on which we agreed," he said.
The AGN was established at COP1 in Berlin, Germany in 1995 as an alliance of African Member States that represents the interests of the African region as a continent in international negotiations on climate change, with a unified voice. It is the technical body of the three-level African negotiating structure that participates in technical negotiations at conferences of parties and inter-sessional negotiations. The AGN prepares and drafts common texts and positions, guided by the decisions and key messages of the Committee of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change (CAHOSCC), the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment and Natural Resources (AMCEN), and also prepares the text for adoption by the ministers at COPs.
–– Courtesy of 7joursinfo.com