A study has established the opportunities and challenges Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) face in their quest for climate funding.
The Angaza Project conducted an in-depth analysis on climate finance flows in Kenya and established how CSOs can engage with government and the private sector for climate financing. According to the report, Kenya, like several other developing countries, depends on the economic support of developed countries to mitigate and adapt to the climate crisis. That economic support can only be felt if there is proper allocation of resources to ensure efficiency and effectiveness in addressing climate emergencies.
One of the main takeaways from the project funded by UKAID through Deepening Democracy Programme (DPP) and implemented Panafrican Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) was, however, that transparency is key in having proper allocation. There was found to be a need to create trust with funding partners, and to ensure the success of funded projects. Transparency in climate financing resource allocation can be improved through enhanced monitoring and tracking skills. The tracking process starts from engaging effectively with stakeholders at the county and grassroots level, especially during budget making process. The main goal is that by engaging from the beginning, bureaucratic delays and corruption can be avoided. At the same time, by monitoring climate finance flows, the capacity of county and local stakeholders to budget for climate projects is improved, considering the groups in the county are the most affected by climate change.
The report also works to enlighten communities, grassroots organisations, and the general population on access to climate funding available from bilateral and multilateral sources. By being aware of the climate related emergencies, and the availability of funding, it is expected to increase community involvement in the budget making process for climate change. Non-state actors are expected to work closely with National Designated Authorities (NDAs) and National Implementing entities like NEMA to ensure proper allocation of funding on key programmes that will enhance communities’ livelihoods. This will help bridge existing gaps in climate financing, hence connecting the international and national funds with the grassroots projects.
The report discovered that two thirds of the climate capital comes as loans, while a third comes as grants. While, two thirds of the funding is directly invested by the government in energy and infrastructure, the other third is managed by NGOs and the private sector and is typically invested in adaptation projects in the agricultural and water sectors. Therefore, agriculture and water are the biggest opportunity sectors because those projects tend to attract grants and are adaptational in nature.
While most Kenyan CSOs have the capacity to access the international climate finance landscape, they are not aware of it. However, the main barriers for CSOs to access the available funding are limited capacity of the county governments and grassroots organisations to develop viable projects. The other barrier is corruption. Consequentially, the main factor to get access to the different funds and grants is by planning for climate change from the national to the county level, linking individual projects with available funding.
The study encourages CSOs to work directly with stakeholders such as the Adaptation Fund, the Green Fund, and the Adaptation Consortium to prioritise and create a framework to track the Climate finance flows that are allocated into adaptation projects. This would help the decentralisation of funds, which would accelerate the mitigation and adaptation to the climate crisis.
The report concludes that the only way to secure climate funding is through capacity building of communities, leaders, youth, women and faith-based organisations on climate governance in order for them to access climate finance.
The Angaza Project is focused on capacity building for people in the grassroots.