Kenya like many other countries globally, is affected negatively by Climate Change impacts leading to loss of livelihoods and ecosystems. These impacts are clearly manifested in the frequency, intensity and magnitude of floods, strong winds and droughts that has hindered or reversed most development gains of the country. The intensity and frequency of these extreme events affects various social groups differently and mostly the mitigation and adaptation measures are not gender responsive.
Considering various cultural norms in Kenya, women’s role as primary caregivers makes them more vulnerable than men to intense and frequent extreme events associated with climate change. At the same time, women are often not involved in the decisions made about the responses to climate change, and therefore, climate actions do not meet the needs and priorities of women. Existing gender inequalities in poverty, literacy levels, incomes and employment are likely to be exacerbated by changing climate in the country. Youth on the other hand are experiencing effects of climate change because of their low adaptive capacity. Climate variability causes disruption of economic activities resulting to loss of entrepreneurial and employment opportunities for youth. Additionally, young people including children are not fully involved and engaged in the decisions making processes especially at grassroots and national level hence creating gaps in implementation and ownership of climate related projects and interventions
Therefore, in order for Kenya to have an equitable, resilient and sustainable future, the needs and priorities of women and other vulnerable groups must be addressed and considered in climate action. In an effort to ensure equality and gender responsive climate action; Climate Change Directorate of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry is undertaking in-depth gender analysis in the context of NDC planning, implementation and monitoring for Kenya. While broadly recommending key actions for promoting gender mainstreaming across Kenya’s NDC sectors, the analysis undertakes specific in- depth focus on three sectors of Agriculture, Energy and Water. The three have been selected through consultative process considering the importance of the sectors to the economy, including achievement of the ‘Big four agenda of the government’, huge implications to climate change actions as well as achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The approach used by the Ministry to conduct gender analysis is focussed Technical Working Groups (TWG) workshops which targets key stakeholders to provide inputs into the various aspects of the analysis. A multi stakeholder Technical Working Group (TWG) was constituted to undertake the gender analysis ensuring contributions of both state and non-state actors. The TWG included gender and climate change focal points and experts from key government ministries and institutions (both national and county levels), the private sector, Civil Society and relevant UN organisations.
PACJA is well represented in the Technical working group by two representative from Gender Youth and marginalized working group which is one of the five thematic working groups under Kenya platform for Climate Governance (KPCG). This will ensure that needs and priorities of most Marginalized communities, CSO and Youth are captured in the analysis. The final report of the analysis will help KPCG Gender Thematic Working group engage county stakeholders effectively on gender responsive actions both in policies and practical actions .
Finally Kenya has recently developed its second National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) for the period 2018-2022, with a vision of low carbon climate resilient development, which forms the framework under which Kenya is implementing its NDC. Women, men, Children and youth respond differently to the impacts of climate change as well as the shift towards low carbon and climate-resilient development pathways under the NDC and NCCAP. Therefore, collective and inclusive climate related decisions and actions by Children, youth, women and men and other vulnerable groups are required to achieve gender-responsive approaches