The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance invests in communications and knowledge management to enable it achieve its strategic objectives of Policy Influence, Public engagement and mobilization, Holding governments accountable, Research, knowledge development and communication and Institutional and governance strengthening.
The work is led at the organization level by the Communications and Knowledge Management team and in the chapters by various communications champions who ensure information is readily accessible to our publics.
The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance today launched the thematic working groups under the Angaza Project in a meeting that was held at the Ngong Hills Hotel in Nairobi.
The meeting also served as a planning forum for the momentum committee advocacy strategy.
The meeting took place just three weeks after the second national stakeholders consultative meeting that was held at the DoubleTree Hotel in Nairobi where stakeholders volunteered their participation in five thematic working groups under the momentum platforms.
The groups were aimed at providing platforms within which CSO stakeholders can strategize, deliberate, and work on multi-sectoral climate change issues under the five broad themes.
These included the climate adaptation working group that will be responsible for examining the climate governance framework in Kenya, including the national climate change action plan to identify gaps and areas of improvement, and proposing relevant changes and inputs.
The second group will focus on climate mitigation where it is expected to generate ideas and proposals under mitigation, particularly within the Kenya INDCs.
The third group will focus on Technology transfer, knowledge management and capacity building where it is expected to generate its proposals based on knowledge management, capacity development, public awareness and communication and integrating climate change into Kenya’s education system.
The fourth group will, under the leadership of Transparency International, work on generating proposals for mainstreaming of climate finance tracking in the government and other sectors.
The group is also expected to come up with proposals on pathways to new climate financing options and access to such funds by county governments and county level organisations including community groups working on adaptation and mitigation.
The fifth group will focus on gender and marginalized groups where it is charged with coming up with ideas on how to improve the current situation by coming up with specific recommendations to address these issues. The group is expected to generate recommendations on other gender-responsive climate policies and actions at county and community levels particularly where national climate policies have gaps in implementation.
Following today’s meeting, the thematic groups’ structures were well defined with lead organisations, co-conveners and members identified as well as the linkage between groups established.
The group members came away with a better understanding of the goal and objectives of the Angaza Project and the support to be provided to the thematic groups.
As part of the strategy to strengthen CSO coordination on national climate change policy advocacy, the Angaza project, Implemented by PACJA, will support the groups through strategic technical and financial facilitation to implement their action plans.
Pan African Climate Justice Alliance lauds the Ministry of Environment in Kenya for acknowledging the voices of vulnerable groups in the review of National Climate Change Action plan. Indigenous groups like Pastoralists, Women and children are most affected by climate change and their views should be in mitigation and adaptation action plans.
CS Keriako Tobiko noted that gender mainstreaming was crucial in formulation of climate change action plans adding that it was imperative to enlist the views of the most vulnerable groups in the community as they held the highest stakes in the phenomenon.
The Environment and Forest CS was speaking when he was presented with a zero draft report of the National climate change action plan proposed for 2018-2022, by an Inter-Ministerial, multi-sectoral task force.
The task force was urged to include views of the most vulnerable groups in society including pastoralist communities during the planned county consultations across the country.
We welcome this great step and encourage other stakeholders in the media and faith- based organizations to join in these task force to drive advocacy and awareness creation.
The National Action Plan will go through a National Validation, parliamentary scrutiny and once approved by the climate change council chaired by the President will be adopted.
By Isaiah Esipisu
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change seeks international interventions to hold the rise in the global average temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial levels and cap it at 1.5 °C.
But according to a new study conducted in all of Kenya’s 21 semi-arid counties, at least five have surpassed the 1.5-degree mark and the impact, especially on cattle survival, is devastating. Worrying projections show that the temperatures will rise even further in the coming years.
This comes just four years after a World Bank report synthesising scientific knowledge on global warming, which warned that the earth was on the path to get 4o° C warmer by the end of the century — with huge implications for humanity.
A new study commissioned by the Canada-based International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) — through the Pathways to Resilience in Semi-arid Economies (Prise) project — show West Pokot and Elgeyo-Marakwet as the most affected counties with a temperature rise of 1.91o° C in the past 50 years. Others are Turkana (1.8o° C), Baringo (1.8o° C), Laikipia (1.59o° C) and Narok (1.75o° C).
The study also startlingly found that the population of cattle in the semi-arid counties has decreased by 26 per cent in the past 38 years up to 2015.
The scientists who carried out the study attributed this to the constantly rising temperatures due to global warming and reduced or unpredictable rainfall patterns.
So far, Turkana is the most affected, recording a drop of nearly 60 per cent, followed by Machakos, Garissa, Kitui and Kajiado, according to the study conducted by scientists from Kenya Markets Trust (KMT).
This is bad news, particularly for Turkana, Garissa and Kajiado, because livestock is the mainstay for the residents.
However, all is not lost. While the cattle population was on the decline, that of sheep and goats in the 21 counties rose by 76.3 per cent, with some, such as Laikipia and Lamu, recording a 256.6 per cent and 458 per cent increase, respectively.
WAKE UP CALL
According to the scientists, cattle can thrive if temperatures do not surpass 30oC and not below 10o° C. But small animals like sheep and goats, and also camels, can tolerate warmer temperatures; hence the reason they multiplied exponentially.
These findings should be a wake-up call for all counties. They should use the data to re-evaluate what is happening in terms of rising temperatures and rainfall variations and the projections to come up with sound policies that are responsive to climate change.
One way of adapting to climate shocks and stresses will be by developing policies with clear knowledge of what the near future is likely to look like, with a focus on appropriate technologies, while being mindful of crops or livestock that are going to survive in projected climatic conditions.
Kitui, Tharaka-Nithi and Embu counties are joining hands with the Pan-Africa Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) and faith-based organisations to develop climate change policies based on experiments by farmers to identify local technologies that can aid adaptation.
Considering the Prise research findings, some counties will need to re-think and prioritise their livestock investment options to take comparative advantage of the resources they have. They could invest in slaughterhouses — for example, Laikipia and Isiolo (cattle), Marsabit (goats) and Wajir (camel, sheep and goats).
County governments must, therefore, consider such important knowledge as they develop their spatial plans.
NAIROBI Kenya (PAMACC News) - A team of scientists from the Kenya Markets Trust (KMT) on April 11, 2018 shared all the key research findings of four different thematic studies conducted in Kenya under the Pathways to Resilience in Semi-Arid Economies (PRISE) project.
“The Kenya government is now focusing on the “Big Four” agenda aimed at improving livelihoods, creating jobs and growing the economy by focusing on critical areas of the economy in the next five years,” noted Kamau Kuria, the head of KMT.
“It is noteworthy that part of the PRISE study, which aimed at strengthening the understanding and knowledge of decision-makers on the threats and opportunities that semi-arid economies face in relation to climate change, will go a long way in helping unlock the potential of semi-arid lands in Kenya and thus enhance their contribution to the national agenda,” he told delegates drawn from Kenya , Senegal, International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and Overseas Development Institute (ODI) during the event to disseminate key research findings in a Nairobi Hotel.
The study, which was commissioned by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Canada and the UK based Department for International Development (DFID) aims at supporting climate resilient economic development in partner countries by identifying opportunities for adaptation that are also opportunities for investment by the public and private sectors.
“These findings from Kenya will help change the narrative in semi-arid areas,” said Dr Eva Ludifrom the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) – which is coordinating the PRISE project at a global level.
According to Dr Evans Kitui of IDRC, direct involvement of government officials both at the county and the national level is a pointer towards implementation of policies that will emanate from the four studies. “In the past, research has not been well appreciated. But now, we can see a lot of government participation,” he said.
One of the studies found that in the past 50 years, temperatures have risen in all the 21 semi-arid counties in Kenya, with five of them recording an increase of more than 1.5oC increase. They include Turkana (1.8oC), West Pokot, ElgeyoMarakwet (1.91oC), Baringo (1.8oC), Laikipia (1.59oC) and Narok (1.75oC).
This, according to Dr Mohammed Said, one of the lead researchers, has impacted greatly on livestock survival, on one hand presenting a disaster, and on the other hand providing an opportunity that can be exploited
“There were winners and losers,” he told delegates at the forum. “Generally, cattle do not survive the higher temperatures, while at the same time, sheep and goat population increased exponentially,” said Dr Said.
According to the study, whose theme was to harness opportunities for climate-resilient economic development in semi-arid lands and identifying the potential for economic transformation and diversification in semi-arid lands especially in the beef value chain, the overall population of cattle in all the semi-arid counties reduced by more than 26% between the year 1977 and 2016.
However, the study also reveals that goats and sheep population increased tremendously by 76% in the same period, with camels’ population increased by 14%. “This shows that goats, sheep, and camels enjoyed the higher temperatures while cattle could not survive the stress,” said Dr Said.
“We’ve seen great potential for implementing some of the adaptation options and I call upon the stakeholders gathered here today, to pull together so we can build resilience and open up the ASALs for trade, investments and better livelihoods,” said Kuria of KMT.
In Nyeri County, for example, Dr James Gakuo began with buying severely emaciated cattle for fattening at his farm in Kiganjo through intensive system of beef production that focuses on feeding cattle for 90 days on concentrate feeds till they reach the desired weight for the market, thereby creating a market for such animals that would otherwise have died.
In just two years, 14 other farmers have followed in his footsteps, and are in the business of fattening emaciated cattle thus providing more market to pastoralists who are hard hit by tough climatic conditions.
Another study looked at the land tenure with a special focus on Maasai pastoralist community in Kajiado County.
The study found out that 64 percent of the entire Kajiado County is now private land that is not open for grazing.“Though this has provided opportunity because privatisation always leads to greater investment opportunities for those who can secure land, it marginalizes the poor and particularly women in the process,” said Dr Stephen Moiko, one of the lead researchers.
According to Dr Eva Ludi of ODI, these findings will be presented at the Talanoa Dialogue in Bonn, Germany come May 2018.
The purpose of Talanoa Dialogue is for parties to share climate change related stories, build empathy and to make wise decisions for the collective good.
According to Dr Said, county governments should also take advantage of the research findings and scenario projections to develop their spatial plans.
“These findings will be important in the formulation of new policies and strategies such as the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP 2018-2022), the National Wildlife Conservation and Management Strategy, and the County Development Integrated Plans (CIDPs),” said Joseph Muhwanga, the PRISE project National Coordinator in Kenya.